Luc Gratton has a diverse practice in municipal, environmental, and administrative law, as well as labour and employment law. Luc’s clientele consists mainly of local, national, and multinational companies. He acts on behalf of his clients before administrative tribunals and courts of law.
Luc counsels and represents municipalities, landowners of large properties, paragovernmental companies, and promoters of residential, commercial, industrial and wind power developments. He also advises industrial companies and professionals involved in the planning and execution of large-scale real estate ventures and in the operation of both their companies and properties.
Luc has particular expertise with respect to the compliance issues associated with these ventures, such as compliance with the applicable laws and regulations; the issuance and transfer of permits; federal, provincial, and municipal certificates and authorizations; public calls for tenders; amendments to urban planning regulations; negotiation of protocol agreements with public authorities; negotiation of cost-sharing agreements for equipment and infrastructure intended to be transferred to public authorities; assignment of land for parks purposes; preservation of natural areas; expropriation and real estate appraisals; municipal taxation and assessments; First Nation rights; private nuisance; environmental issues such as the characterization of soil, rehabilitation programmes, drafting and publication of contamination warnings, restricting the use of soils, and decontamination; cartels and subsidies related to the decontamination; constitutional jurisdiction divisions; superficiary law contracts; emphyteutic leases, sales and easements; and divided co-ownership of immovables.
Luc has given several conferences and published many articles on topics related to his practice including “La compétence municipale en matière d’environnement et la navigation maritime” (Recent Developments in Municipal Law, 2011), “L’énergie éolienne au Québec” (2007 Energy Summit, Canadian Bar Association and American Bar Association), and “La responsabilité du propriétaire, du vendeur et de l’acquéreur en matière de contamination des sols ” (Canadian Bar Association, Section CCCA, 2011).
Luc sits on Miller Thomson’s National Conflicts of Interest Committee.
Professional achievements & leadership
- Lawyer of the Year, The Best Lawyers in Canada – Municipal Law, 2021
- The Best Lawyers in Canada – Environmental Law, 2014-2021; Municipal Law, 2018-2021; Administrative and Public Law, 2019-2021
- Represented a multinational corporation specialized in the rendering and transshipment of animal by-products to obtain the required permits (environmental, municipal, farmland protection) for various real estate projects; compliance with applicable environmental and municipal régulations; and representation before the courts for such purposes.
- Represented Éco Entreprises Québec (ÉEQ), a RECYC-Québec certified agency representing corporations in the “Containers and Packaging” and in the “Printing” sectors, with respect to the development and interpretation of rules regarding compensation paid by municipalities for the recycling and recovering of such material. ÉEQ must submit an annual rate proposal to the Quebec Government. Advising ÉEQ with respect to Bill 88 (raising compensation from 50% to 100 % of municipal costs) and the draft regulation for amending the regulation on current compensation under public consultation and with respect to rates developed and proposed by ÉEQ. Also, representing ÉEQ in two contested litigation cases under the compensation plan undertaken by the Yellow Pages Group on the one hand and TVA Publications, Rogers, etc. on the other hand.Representation before the courts of a municipality in a motion of authorization to institute a class action for nuisances (noise, safety, etc.) resulting from traffic on a collector street.
- Represented before the courts property owners subject to restrictive urban bylaws for the purpose of preserving the woodlands, wetlands, etc. in their natural states in whole or in part.
- Represented a promoter of wind energy projects, including two projects completed in The Gaspésie peninsula and one in the Bois-Francs region, before public authorities, investors, assignees and the courts. This mandate included legal advice in all aspects of public law: legal opinions regarding compliance with applicable laws and regulations, changes in urban planning regulations, permits and authorizations (environmental, municipal, farming land protection, public domain occupancy), First Nations constitutional rights and legal challenges before administrative or common law courts.
- Represented Investissement Québec in the acquisition of the assets of Produits Chimiques Expro Inc. in Valleyfield by SNC-Lavalin: negotiation of the acquisition of the land by a subsidiary of Investissement Québec; the lease agreement between this subsidiary and a subsidiary of SNC-Lavalin which continues to manufacture the explosives of Produits Chimiques Expro; negotiation of a sharing agreement of environmental responsibilities between Investissement Québec’s subsidiary and SNC-Lavalin’s subsidiary. Continued representation of Investissement Québec for the implementation of these agreements with respect to the Third Party Buyer, General Dynamics.
- Represented The city of Saint-Laurent (today The city of Montréal, borough of Saint-Laurent) regarding the development of two major residential projects of 8,200 units, i.e. the Nouveau Saint-Laurent and the Bois-Francs: legal opinions, negotiation with the owners, drafting of municipal works and loan rules, MOUs with developers, sharing agreements on infrastructure costs, urban planning regulations, dispute resolution.
- Represented a major Quebec insurance company regarding the development of land taken over on the southern tip of Nuns’ Island, in Montréal: legal opinions, negotiation and drafting of a Memorandum of agreement with The city of Verdun for development purposes, deed of land exchange with the other main promoter in the area, anticipated instrument of land transfer for parks purposes, cost sharing agreement with respect to infrastructure, preparation of public announcement related to land use restrictions resulting from contamination.
- Represented a Dutch multinational company owning a major land bank on the South Shore of Montréal for the completion of the Harmonie Project (3,300 residential units): legal opinions, negotiation and drafting of MOUs with the City of Boucherville, representation before the City regarding the applicable urban planning regulations and sale of land to other developers.
- Represented Techno-Parc Montréal, developer of the Saint-Laurent Campus (Techno-Parc Saint-Laurent) in a dispute between Techno-Parc Montréal and the City of Saint-Laurent on the one hand and the owners of several expropriated buildings on the other hand (claims totaling $24.5 million). Also representing Techno-Parc Montréal in obtaining the required environmental permits for the completion of Hubert Reeves’ Éco-Campus, an area focused on clean technologies and sustainable development within on the Saint-Laurent Campus.
- Represented the purchaser of a naval shipyard company and negotiating the land decontamination agreements with the federal government.
- Represented a Montréal university in a dispute regarding a project of disposition and transformation for residential purposes of a building located in the historic and natural borough of Mont-Royal.
- Represented several hardware, automotive products and food stores in their dealings with municipalities and other public bodies regarding the compliance of their branches with applicable urban planning regulations and the environmental aspects of their projects.
- Represented industrial project developers and landowners in obtaining the necessary amendments to the urban planning bylaws and permit authorizations from the ministère du Développement durable, Environnement et Lutte contre les changements climatiques, the Commission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec (CPTAQ), and the relevant federal and provincial departments and agencies.
- Represented property owners in the context of land expropriation litigation.
- Represented an association of entrepreneurs with respect to Bill 14 (reform of the Mining Act).
- Represented companies on the application of the Lobbying Transparency and Ethics Act.
- Represented during eight (8) years the Montréal Urban Community in labour and employment matters and litigation related to pensions.
- Represented before the Superior Court and the Court of Appeal a supplier of food and cleaning services in camps located along a railway line with respect to the applicability of provincial labour laws.
- Represented before the Superior Court and the Court of Appeal a group of individuals challenging the constitutionality of municipal by-laws regulating the navigation and access of motorized boats to lakes and rivers.
- Represented several owners, developers and financial institutions in the acquisition and sale of contaminated sites.
- Bill n° 89 : An Act to amend the Environment Quality Act in order to reinforce compliance, First Annual Rountable designed for General Counsel of the Quebec first industry, June 2012
- “La compétence municipale en matière d’environnement et la navigation maritime”, Développements récents en droit municipal, March 2011
- La responsabilité du propriétaire, du vendeur et de l’acquéreur en matière de contamination des sols, Canadian Bar Association, Section ACCJE, January 2011
- Exploration minière et aires protégées : une cohabitation possible?, Conference Québec Exploration, 2009 (in collaboration with Adina Georgescu)
- Établir des relations stratégiques avec les Premières Nations pour assurer la réalisation de projets de développement minier, Explo Abitibi, September 2008 (in collaboration with Rosanne Kyle)
- Établir des relations stratégiques avec les Premières Nations pour assurer la réalisation de projets de développement, Hydro-Québec Legal Department, September 2008 (in collaboration with Rosanne Kyle and Sandra Gogal)
- L’énergie éolienne au Québec, Canadian Bar Association and American Bar Association, Energy Summit, April 2007
- La transmission d’entreprise, le Code du travail, la Loi sur les normes du travail et le Code civil du Québec, Chambre des notaires du Québec, 2002
- Le contrat préliminaire résultant de l’appel d’offres d’un organisme public et du dépôt de soumissions, Lorman Education Services, February 2001
- Liabilities of Municipalities in Québec for Failure to Enforce Building and Zoning By-Laws, National Construction Law Roundtable, Canadian Bar Association, 1998
- Règles applicables aux appels d’offres des municipalités, Association des travaux publics d’Amérique, September 1999
- La rédaction des devis nécessaires à l’achat de véhicules-incendies, Conference of the Association des chefs en sécurité incendie du Québec, 1998
- Le handicap comme motif de discrimination, Infonex, March 1998
- “Questions d’intérêt concernant les contrats des municipalités”, Développements récents en droit municipal, Québec Bar, March 1997
- Lois et règlements affectant l’exploitation des carrières et sablières: Loi sur la qualité de l’environnement, Association des Constructeurs de Routes et Grands Travaux du Québec, March 1994
- L’utilisation optimale des ressources humaines: réorganisation des tâches et terminaison d’emploi, Pouliot Mercure, June 1993
- Le Code civil du Québec et le droit du travail, Pouliot Mercure (clients), November 1993
- Les soumissions publiques, Groupement des acheteurs des secteurs public et para-public, October 1991
- Aménagement et urbanisme, protection du territoire agricole et environnement, Pouliot Mercure (clients), September 1991
- “Règlements municipaux et qualité de l’environnement”, Développements récents en droit municipal, April 1991
- “Cession de terrains pour fins de parc ou de terrain de jeux en cas de développement d’ensemble et en cas d’opération cadastrale additionnelle portant sur le même terrain”, Développements récents en droit municipal, April 1991
- Copropriété par phases, Canadian Bar Association, Québec Branch, Real Property Section, March 1990
- Copropriété par phases, un cas pratique, Canadian Bar Association, Québec Branch, Real Property Section, October 1988
- L’établissement et le fonctionnement des parcs industriels municipaux québécois, Canadian Bar Association, Annual Meeting, August 1988
- Pouvoirs des municipalités en matière d’habitation, Association provinciale des constructeurs d’habitations du Québec, November 1985
- Les pouvoirs municipaux en matière d’habitation. Étude de cas : Ville de Saint-Laurent, Institut d’urbanisme de l’Université de Montréal, October 1984
- Liability of municipalities in Quebec for failure to enforce building and zoning bylaws, National Construction Law Roundtable 1998, Canadian Bar Association, 1998
- “Questions d’intérêt concernant les contrats des municipalités”, Développements récents en droit municipal, Continuing Education Department of the Québec Bar, Les Éditions Yvon Blais inc., 1997
- “Certains pouvoirs des municipalités en matière d’environnement et de développement”, Développements récents en droit municipal, Continuing Education Department of the Québec Bar, Les Éditions Yvon Blais inc., 1991
- “Commentaires juridiques sur certains pouvoirs municipaux en matière d’habitation”, Real Estate Newsletter, UQÀM, 1985
- “Le défi de la réglementation d’urbanisme à l’innovation architecturale”, Real Estate Newsletter, UQÀM, 1984
- “Municipal regulation of noise caused by a long-established automobile racetrack”, EnviroNotes!, December 2013
- “Record Seizure of an Ozone-Depleting Substance”, EnviroNotes!, May 2011
- “Bill C-9 Changes Federal Environmental Assessment Regime”, EnviroNotes!, September 2010
- “Canada Plans New Emission Rules for Heavy Trucks”, EnviroNotes!, September 2010
- “Project Bill 42 : Quebec could be the first jurisdiction in North America to enforce a cap-and-trade approach to reduce greenhouse gases, EnviroNotes”!, May 2009 Québec communiqué
- “St. Lawrence Cement Inc. v. Barrette: A Case Comment”, EnviroNotes!, Winter 2008
- “The Quebec Court of Appeal Authorizes A Class Action Against CP”, EnviroNotes!, Spring 2007
- “Duty To Consult and Accommodate Aboriginal Peoples Before Their Aboriginal Rights are Determined”, EnviroNotes!, October 2005
- Canadian Bar Association, Municipal, Real Property and Environmental Law Sections
Bar admissions & education
- Québec Bar, 1975
- Bachelor of Laws, Université de Montréal, 1973