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Sandra A. Gogal

Sandra A. Gogal



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Sandra is nationally recognized for her expertise in Aboriginal and Environmental law. She has extensive experience advising mining, energy, oil, gas and engineering companies, lenders and investors, as well as provincial and government agencies on aboriginal, regulatory and related project matters. Sandra has a combined 20 years experience in house and in private practice advising on resource developments across Canada, including advising general counsel on matters relating to aboriginal rights and consultation, environmental assessments, regulatory, government relations and negotiations. She has negotiated several successful commercial arrangements, impact and benefit agreements and partnerships between industry and First Nations on major hydro electric projects and mining projects across Canada. 

After a successful career on the east coast, Sandra moved to Ontario in 2005 to work for the Government of Ontario to advise the Ministry of Natural Resources on matters relating to aboriginal consultation in the areas of hydro and wind power, forestry and mining. Her experience in both private and public sectors has proven valuable in providing sound strategic and legal advice to her clients.

Sandra is published in the area of aboriginal and environmental law, has spoken at National and International forums on aboriginal law in Canada, is recognized by her peers in The Best Lawyers in Canada since 2008 for aboriginal and environmental law and was recognized in the 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 Chambers Global: The Worlds Leading Lawyers for Business in the area of aboriginal law. She is the Past Chair for the Canadian Bar Association Aboriginal Law section and Co- Chair for Miller Thomson’s Aboriginal Law Industry Group

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  • LL.B., Dalhousie University, 1991
  • B.A., Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1988

Professional Achievements

  • The Best Lawyers in Canada, Aboriginal Law; Environmental Law, 2008 - 2017
  • Recognized by Best Lawyers® as the 2015 Aboriginal Law "Lawyer of the Year" in Toronto
  • Listed in the Canadian Legal Lexpert® Directory, Aboriginal Law, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 
  • Chambers Global ranked lawyer, Aboriginal Law, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
  • Past Branch Vice-President, Atlantic Provinces Arbitration and Mediation Institute Inc.
  • Chair, Miller Thomson National Aboriginal Law group


  • Law Society of Newfoundland
  • Law Society of Upper Canada
  • Canadian Bar Association
  • Past Chair, Canadian Bar Association, Aboriginal Law Section
  • Advisory Board, Counsel on Corporate Aboriginal Relations: Conference Board of Canada
  • Canadian Aboriginal Minerals Association
  • Ontario Mining Association
  • Mining Association of Canada
  • Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada
  • Executive Member, Canadian Bar Association, Alternative Dispute Resolution Section, Aboriginal and Environmental, Energy and Resource Law Section


  • Sandra makes frequent presentations to Insight, Canadian Institute, Canada Forum and the Conference Board of Canada in relation to aboriginal matters including consultation requirements in hydro and mining sectors, how to achieve effective and enforceable impact and benefit agreements and other accommodation agreements, how to incorporate overlapping claims and Métis rights, the incorporation of aboriginal businesses and current legal updates


  • SCC Affirms Ontario's Jurisdiction to "Take Up" Lands in Treaty 3, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2014
  • Injunctions Issued Against Companies for Lack of Aboriginal Consultation, Aboriginal Law Update, March 2012
  • The Implications of the Decision in Keewatin v. Minister of Natural Resources, The 2012 Lexpert®/American Lawyer Guide to the Leading 500 Lawyers in Canada, 2012
  • Keewatin v. Minister of Natural Resources 2011 ONSC 4801 - Case Summary, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2011
  • New Draft Requirements for Aboriginal Consultation on Renewable Energy Projects, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2011
  • Resource Revenue Sharing in the Context of Consultation Requirements, Key Developments in Environmental Law 2008-2009 (Toronto: Canada Law Book), 2009
  • The Platinex Decisions - The New Accommodation?, Aboriginal Law Update, September 2007
  • Incorporation of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the Environmental Assessment Process, EnviroNotes!, Spring 2007
  • Aboriginal Impact and Benefit Agreements: Practical Considerations, (2005) 43 Alta. L. Rev. 129, 2005

Industry Expertise

Key Practice Expertise

Areas of Focus

  • Consultation
  • Accommodation
  • Government Affairs
  • Past Grievance Settlements

Year of Call

  • Newfoundland Bar, 1992
  • Ontario Bar, 2005