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Sandra A. Gogal

Sandra A. Gogal



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Sandra Gogal has extensive experience in dealing with aboriginal and environmental issues in the natural resource and energy sector. Prior to moving to Ontario in 2005, Ms. Gogal worked both in house and private practice on large resource development projects, including the Lower Churchill Project, a $10 billion hydro electric project in Labrador. While in house, she was responsible for advising general counsel on all matters relating to aboriginal, environmental and regulatory law. In addition to hydro, Ms. Gogal has acted for a number of large industry clients in the mining, hydro, forestry and oil and gas sectors on matters relating to aboriginal consultation, environmental assessments, federal and provincial, and has negotiated several accommodation and impact and benefit agreements between industry and First Nations.

Prior to joining the partnership in 2007, Ms. Gogal was called to the Ontario Bar and went in house with the Ministry of Natural Resources for the Government of Ontario to advise the Ministry on matters relating to aboriginal consultation in the areas of hydro and wind power, forestry and mining, including legislative and policy drafting.

While acting for her industry and government clients over the past 10 years, Ms. Gogal has worked with many aboriginal communities including the First Nations, Inuit and Métis in Ontario, Quebec and Atlantic Canada. Her experience in the private and public sectors has proven valuable in providing sound strategic and legal advice to her clients in developing projects on treaty and unsettled aboriginal lands. In addition to negotiating agreements and settlements with aboriginal communities, Ms. Gogal has acted as litigation counsel in aboriginal matters before the Supreme Courts and Superior Courts in Newfoundland and Ontario.

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  • LL.B., Dalhousie University, 1991
  • B.A., Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1988

Professional Achievements

  • Lawyer of the Year, Best Lawyers in Canada – Aboriginal Law, Environmental Law, 2014, 2015
  • Listed in the Canadian Legal Lexpert® Directory, Aboriginal Law, 2012, 2013, 2014 
  • Chambers Global ranked lawyer, Aboriginal Law, 2013, 2014
  • Past Branch Vice-President, Atlantic Provinces Arbitration and Mediation Institute Inc.
  • Leading Practitioner, Best Lawyers in Canada (2008, 2009, 2010, 2013), Aboriginal Law; Environmental Law
  • Chair, Miller Thomson National Aboriginal Law group


  • Law Society of Newfoundland
  • Law Society of Upper Canada
  • Canadian Bar Association
  • National Chair, Canadian Bar Association, Aboriginal Law Section
  • Counsel on Corporate Aboriginal Relations: Conference Board of Canada
  • Canadian Aboriginal Minerals Association
  • Ontario Mining Association


  • Sandra makes frequent presentations to Insight, Canadian Institute, Canada Forum and the Conference Board of Canada in relation to aboriginal matters including consultation requirements in hydro and mining sectors, how to achieve effective and enforceable impact and benefit agreements and other accommodation agreements, how to incorporate overlapping claims and Métis rights, the incorporation of aboriginal businesses and current legal updates


  • SCC Affirms Ontario's Jurisdiction to "Take Up" Lands in Treaty 3, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2014
  • Injunctions Issued Against Companies for Lack of Aboriginal Consultation, Aboriginal Law Update, March 2012
  • The Implications of the Decision in Keewatin v. Minister of Natural Resources, The 2012 Lexpert®/American Lawyer Guide to the Leading 500 Lawyers in Canada, 2012
  • Keewatin v. Minister of Natural Resources 2011 ONSC 4801 - Case Summary, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2011
  • New Draft Requirements for Aboriginal Consultation on Renewable Energy Projects, Aboriginal Law Update, August 2011
  • Resource Revenue Sharing in the Context of Consultation Requirements, Key Developments in Environmental Law 2008-2009 (Toronto: Canada Law Book), 2009
  • The Platinex Decisions - The New Accommodation?, Aboriginal Law Update, September 2007
  • Incorporation of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the Environmental Assessment Process, EnviroNotes!, Spring 2007
  • Aboriginal Impact and Benefit Agreements: Practical Considerations, (2005) 43 Alta. L. Rev. 129, 2005

Industry Expertise

Key Practice Expertise

Areas of Focus

  • Consultation
  • Accommodation
  • Government Affairs
  • Past Grievance Settlements

Year of Call

  • Newfoundland Bar, 1992
  • Ontario Bar, 2005